By: Rick Boxx
根據馬瑞思特學院公共意見研究所（The Marist College Institute for Public Opinion）做的兩項研究，只有28%受訪者，其中包括只有44%的企業領袖相信人們在職場和個人生活中是用同樣的道德標準。顯然工商專業人士在公開和私下的行為展現了差異。至少人們是這麼感覺－－對許多觀察者而言，感覺就是實際的情況。
本文版權為正直資源中心（Integrity Resource Center, Inc.）所有。本文獲得授權改編自「瑞克．博克思的正直時刻 Integrity Moments with Rich Boxx」。這系列的文章是以一個基督徒的觀點評論職場的正直議題。想要更多了解正直資源中心或想要收到電子文件的「瑞克每天的正直時刻 Rick”s daily Integrity Moments」系列文章，請上網 www.integrityresource.org
思想 / 討論題目
若有人問你是否相信人們在職場和私下的生活中都用相同的道德標準，你會如何回答？ 請誠實回答，你是否能想到有一次你與自己所宣稱的道德標準牴觸，或是在工作中的行為是你私下生活中絕不會做的，或者反之亦然？ 在你看來，什麼原因造成人們在生活和工作中有雙重標準？有什麼方法可矯正這種互相矛盾的行為？ 你是否同意聖經在職場和個人生活中都是合宜道德行為的「教科書」？為什麼？註：若你有聖經且想要看有關此主題的其他經文，請看：
THE PROBLEM OF DOUBLE STANDARDS
By: Rick Boxx
According to two studies conducted by The Marist College Institute for Public Opinion, only 28 percent of the individuals surveyed, including only 44 percent of business leaders, believe people use the same set of ethical standards in the workplace as they do in their personal lives. Apparently, business and professional men and women exhibit marked differences in their public and private behavior. At least that is how they are perceived – and for many observers, perception is reality.
This double standard might explain some of the well-documented ethical problems we have been hearing about in the media. Although leaders may espouse values such as honesty, integrity and fairness, those virtues are often cast aside in favor of expediency – whether that involves professional advancement, closing a sale, misrepresenting accounting records, or many other unethical practices.
The individual that consistently lives out beliefs is becoming increasingly rare as an “end justifies the means” philosophy reigns. And frankly, most business schools rarely if ever offer classes on ethics since it seems so difficult to reach a consensus on what ethical standards to uphold as the model.
Let me suggest one “textbook” that would serve that purpose well: the Bible. While the Scriptures certainly are not limited to workplace issues, there is a wealth of teaching about proper conduct in business. And it does not suggest a “situational ethics” approach: The beauty of holding to a biblical worldview is you only have to remember one set of standards – and they apply to both your personal and business life.
In the New Testament”s account of the life of Jesus Christ, which we know as the Gospels, we see that Jesus often encountered those who had a double standard, and He was always stern in dealing with them. He warned in Matthew 23:27-28, "Woe to you, teachers of the law and Pharisees, you hypocrites! You are like whitewashed tombs, which look beautiful on the outside but on the inside are full of dead men’s bones and everything unclean. In the same way, on the outside you appear to people as righteous but on the inside you are full of hypocrisy and wickedness." Strong words, right?
Jesus was addressing religious leaders in this situation, but His point was clear: He condemned anyone in a position of responsibility that professed to believe one thing yet acted in a completely different manner. Not one of us is perfect, but Jesus hated hypocrisy.
There are some who would argue that although the Bible offers lofty standards for behavior, whether in public or in private, those standards are unrealistic and simply do not work in the real world of the 21st century. I would dispute such an argument wholeheartedly. There are numerous examples around the world of leaders – and companies – that have consistently turned to the Bible as their guide for everyday operations. Yes, it might be difficult at times to stand firm when faced with the temptation to compromise, but the rewards of becoming known as a person – or organization – that lives out what you believe are worth the effort.
Are you tired of living according to two different ethical standards, vacillating according to circumstances and the need of the moment? Have you grown weary of promising one thing and then doing something very different? Try simplifying your life and just use one standard: the Bible.
Copyright 2010, Integrity Resource Center, Inc. Adapted with permission from "Integrity Moments with Rick Boxx," a commentary on issues of integrity in the workplace from a Christian perspective. To learn more about Integrity Resource Center or to sign up for Rick”s daily Integrity Moments, visit www.integrityresource.org.
How would you have answered if someone had asked you whether you believe men and women use the same ethical standards both in the workplace and in their private lives? Being honest, can you think of a time when you contradicted ethical values you profess, or conducted yourself in a manner at work that you would never have considered doing in private – or vice versa? What are some of the reasons, in your opinion, for people living and working according to a double standard? What might be some remedies for avoiding such conflicting behavior? Do you agree with the suggestion to use the Bible as the “textbook” for proper ethical behavior, both at work and in personal conduct? Why or why not? NOTE: If you have a Bible and would like to read more about this subject, consider the following passages:
Proverbs 10:9, 11:3, 20:14; 2 Corinthians 1:17-20; Colossians 3:17,23; James 5:12