本文版權為正直資源中心（Integrity Resource Center, Inc.）所有。本文獲得授權改編自「瑞克．博克思的正直時刻Integrity Moments with Rich Boxx」。這系列的文章是以一個基督徒的觀點評論職場的正直議題。想要更多了解正直資源中心或想要收到電子文件的「瑞克每天的正直時刻Rick”s daily Integrity Moments」系列文章，請上網www.integrityresource.org
思想 / 討論題目
你是怎樣的領袖/經理？你相信員工可以自治嗎？或者你較喜歡維持直接掌控？請解釋。 若你是個向上司報告的員工－－或過去曾是，你們之間的運作方式主要是自治方式或直接、專制獨裁的方式？你對這種被管理的方式有何感覺？ 你覺得為何那大學的研究顯示，用自治管理的公司比強調由上向下指示的公司能有更多成長，也更能留住員工？ 依你的觀點，對員工的需要展現關心，是比較好的做法嗎？為什麼？註：若你有聖經且想要看有關此主題的其他經文，請看：
WORKPLACE AUTONOMY, AS GOD INTENDED
By: Rick Boxx
Daniel Pink’s new book, "Drive," builds an interesting case for promoting autonomy at work. He defines autonomy as "acting with choice." As justification, he highlights a Cornell University study of 320 small businesses.
Of the companies the university researched, half of the businesses granted autonomy to their workers, while the other half relied on top-down direction, providing explicit executive direction while offering little freedom to employees. According to the study, the businesses that granted worker autonomy grew at a rate four times greater than that of the control-oriented firms. In addition, the companies that encouraged autonomy had an employee turnover rate of only about one-third of that in the high-control businesses.
These findings should not surprise us. They reflect how we have been designed.
In the Bible, we see that God originally established autonomy in the workplace. Genesis 1:26 teaches, "Then God said, ‘Let us make man in our image, in our likeness, and let them rule over the fish of the sea and the birds of the air, over the livestock, over all the earth, and over all the creatures that move along the ground.‘" Even though He was the Creator, God was delegating authority to His foremost creation, humanity, to serve as steward over all that He had made.
We see this advocacy of autonomy reflected in the Bible”s New Testament as well. Matthew 10:1 tells us, “He called his twelve disciples to him and gave them authority to drive out evil spirits and to heal every disease and sickness.” Later He asked them for a report on what they had experienced.
Then in Matthew 21, we see Jesus sending two of His disciples into the village ahead to engage in preparations for His entry into Jerusalem. Basically, Jesus was acknowledging that if His enterprise were to succeed, surviving His earthly presence, He would have to rely the talents and zeal of His followers to sustain the work. There are many benefits to extending autonomy to workers, as the Scriptures affirm:
Benefiting from unique talents. Even the best leaders are limited; they do not have all the skills or abilities necessary to achieve their organizations” goals. Granting worker autonomy frees them to use their unique capabilities to the fullest. “The body is a unit, although it is made up of many parts; and though all the parts are many, they form one body…. If they were all one part, where would the body be?…” (1 Corinthians 12:12-16).
Benefiting from diverse perspectives. It always helps to consider the perspectives of those who see issues from different angles. If given the freedom to express their opinions, they may introduce ideas the leader had not considered. “Plans fail for lack of counsel, but with many advisers they succeed” (Proverbs 15:22).
Benefiting from confident workers. People who are granted autonomy feel trusted and usually are eager to prove worthy of that trust. “Like the coolness of snow at harvest time is a trustworthy messenger to those who send him; he refreshes the spirit of his masters” (Proverbs 25:13).
Copyright 2010, Integrity Resource Center, Inc. Adapted with permission from "Integrity Moments with Rick Boxx," a commentary on issues of integrity in the workplace from a Christian perspective. To learn more about Integrity Resource Center or to sign up for Rick”s daily Integrity Moments, visit www.integrityresource.org.
What kind of leader or manager are you? Do you believe in worker autonomy, or do you prefer to maintain direct control? Explain your answer. If you are in a reporting relationship to a supervisor – or have been in the past – which approach was utilized primarily, autonomy or a directive, autocratic style? How did you feel about the way you were managed? hy do you think the university study showed that companies grew and retained employees at a much higher rate than those that emphasized top-down direction? In your view, is one approach preferable to the other in demonstrating genuine interest in the needs and concerns of an organization”s employees? Why or why not?NOTE: If you have a Bible and would like to read more about this subject, consider the following passages:
2 Kings 2:1-12; Matthew 28:16-20; Mark 11:1-11, 12:28-34; Luke 12:35-48; John 1:35-51